Effective linear damping and stiffness coefficients of nonlinear systems for design spectrum based analysis

Giaralis, A. & Spanos, P. D. (2010). Effective linear damping and stiffness coefficients of nonlinear systems for design spectrum based analysis. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 30(9), pp. 798-810. doi: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.01.012

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Abstract

A stochastic approach for obtaining reliable estimates of the peak response of nonlinear systems to excitations specified via a design seismic spectrum is proposed. This is achieved in an efficient manner without resorting to numerical integration of the governing nonlinear equations of motion. First, a numerical scheme is utilized to derive a power spectrum which is compatible in a stochastic sense with a given design spectrum. This power spectrum is then treated as the excitation spectrum to determine effective damping and stiffness coefficients corresponding to an equivalent linear system (ELS) via a statistical linearization scheme. Further, the obtained coefficients are used in conjunction with the (linear) design spectrum to estimate the peak response of the original nonlinear systems. The cases of systems with piecewise linear stiffness nonlinearity, along with bilinear hysteretic systems are considered. The seismic severity is specified by the elastic design spectrum prescribed by the European aseismic code provisions (EC8). Monte Carlo simulations pertaining to an ensemble of nonstationary EC8 design spectrum compatible accelerograms are conducted to confirm that the average peak response of the nonlinear systems compare reasonably well with that of the ELS, within the known level of accuracy furnished by the statistical linearization method. In this manner, the proposed approach yields ELS which can replace the original nonlinear systems in carrying out computationally efficient analyses in the initial stages of the aseismic design of structures under severe seismic excitations specified in terms of a design spectrum.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Statistical linearization, Design spectrum, Inelastic spectrum, Bilinear hysteretic, Equivalent linear system, Power spectrum, DISPLACEMENT-BASED DESIGN, EQUIVALENT LINEARIZATION, SEISMIC DESIGN, RESPONSE SPECTRUM, HYSTERETIC STRUCTURES, STRUCTURAL RESPONSE, INELASTIC SPECTRA, EARTHQUAKES, DEFORMATION, EXCITATION
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/920

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