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Attention and the motion after effect

Morgan, M. J. and Solomon, J. A. ORCID: 0000-0001-9976-4788 (2019). Attention and the motion after effect. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, doi: 10.1177/1747021819864552

Abstract

We measured the effects of attentional distraction on the time course and asymptote of motion adaptation strength, using visual search performance (percent correct and reaction time). In the first two experiments, participantsadapted to a spatial array of moving Gaborpatches, either all vertically oriented (Experiment 1) or randomly oriented (Experiment 2). On each trial the adaptingarray was followed by a test array in which all of the test patchesexcept one were identical in orientation and movement direction to their retinotopically corresponding adaptors, but thetarget moved in the opposite direction to its adaptor. Participantswere required to identify the location of the changed targetwith a mouse click. The ability to do so increased with the number of adapting trials. Neither search speed nor accuracy was affected by an attentionallydemanding conjunction task at the fixation point during adaptation, suggesting low-level (pre-attentive) sites in the visual pathway for the adaptation. In Experiment 3 the same participants were required to identify the one element in the test array that was slowly moving. Reaction times in this case were elevated following adaptation, but once again there was nosignificant effect of the distracting task upon performance.In Experiment 4 participants were required to make eye movements, so that retinotopically corresponding adaptors could be distinguished from spatiotopically corresponding adaptors.Performance in Experiments 1 and 2 correlated positively with reaction times in Experiment 3, suggesting a general trait for adaptation strength.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, by SAGE.
Publisher Keywords: Attention, adaptation, visual search
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Optometry & Visual Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22394
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