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Development of competency models for assessors and simulators in high-stakes selection processes

Patterson, F., Zibarras, L. D., Kerrin, M. , Lopes, S. & Price, R. (2014). Development of competency models for assessors and simulators in high-stakes selection processes. Medical Teacher, 36(12), pp. 1082-1085. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2014.930112


Background: Selection for entry into UK medical specialty training is a high-stakes, high-volume process. For selection into General Practice, a large number of assessors and simulators are involved in the delivery of the selection centre, which represents the final stage of selection.

Aim: In order to standardize and quality-assure assessor and simulator involvement in the process, we developed two competency models outlining the knowledge, skills and attributes associated with each role using a previously validated job analysis methodology.

Results: The final qualitative analysis resulted in two competency models, each encompassing eight competency domains. In general, results from a validation questionnaire demonstrated positive feedback from various regional recruitment leads in the UK (n = 14).

Conclusion: Both models are currently being used in practice for quality assurance and training purposes. We conclude that the competency models can be used in three ways: (1) recruiting assessors/simulators; (2) in measuring performance of assessors/simulators and highlighting areas for potential development; and (3) they can be used for training assessors/simulators.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher on 3rd July 2014, available online:
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
Text - Accepted Version
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