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Women’s work and political participation: the links between employment, labour markets, and women’s institutional political participation in Europe

Zwiener-Collins, N. (2018). Women’s work and political participation: the links between employment, labour markets, and women’s institutional political participation in Europe. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)

Abstract

This study explores the links between women’s work, gendered labour markets, and women’s institutional political participation in 25 European countries. Although employment is a standard predictor of (women’s) political participation, previous research has treated women’s work mostly as a characteristic of individual women, disregarding the broader structural inequalities that are behind women’s work patterns. Using data from the fifth round of the European Social Survey, in combination with detailed information on work-family policies and labour market structures of the countries included, this study aims to contribute to a more contextual understanding of the effects of employment. My research explores whether the effects of employment status, working hours, and job level are shaped by the context, in which they are embedded. Although labour markets and political systems vary considerably across countries and existing research has provided inconsistent findings, the context-dependency of employment effects has not yet been systematically assessed. Moreover, little research has focussed on direct effects of the labour market; therefore, this study explores the effects of two labour market characteristics that have a particularly gendered meaning: work-family policies and gendered structures in the labour market.

The findings indicate that the effects of employment are more complex than often assumed in the literature. Employment can not only affect, for example, mothers and non-mothers differently, but there is also an indication that some employment effects are shaped by the labour market context. Contextual characteristics also affect women’s political participation directly by redistributing resources and shaping women’s experiences in the work-place. Overall, the findings show that the political effects of work should be understood within the wider context.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Departments: Doctoral Theses
Doctoral Theses > School of Arts and Social Sciences Doctoral Theses
School of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21779
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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