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SAR image segmentation with GMMs

Belloni, C., Aouf, N. ORCID: 0000-0001-9291-4077, Merlet, T. & Le Caillec, J. (2017). SAR image segmentation with GMMs. In: International Conference on Radar Systems (Radar 2017). International Conference on Radar Systems (Radar 2017), 23-26 Oct 2017, Belfast, UK.


This paper proposes a new approach for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image segmentation. Segmenting SAR images can be challenging because of the blurry edges and the high speckle. The segmentation proposed is based on a machine learning technique. Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs) were already used to segment images in the visual field and are here adapted to work with single channel SAR images. The segmentation suggested is designed to be a first step towards feature and model based classification. The recall rate is the most important as the goal is to retain most target's features. A high recall rate of 88%, higher than for other segmentation methods on the Moving and Stationary Target Acquisition and Recognition (MSTAR) dataset, was obtained. The next classification stage is thus not affected by a lack of information while its computation load drops. With this method, the inclusion of disruptive features in models of targets is limited, providing computationally lighter models and a speed up in further classification as the narrower segmented areas foster convergence of models and provide refined features to compare. This segmentation method is hence an asset to template, feature and model based classification methods. Besides this method, a comparison between variants of the GMMs segmentation and a classical segmentation is provided.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in International Conference on Radar Systems (Radar 2017), and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at the IET Digital Library.
Publisher Keywords: SAR, MSTAR, GMM, Segmentation
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
U Military Science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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