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An assessment of flywheel storage for efficient provision of reliable power for residential premises in islanded operation

Amiryar, M. E. (2019). An assessment of flywheel storage for efficient provision of reliable power for residential premises in islanded operation. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)

Abstract

Energy storage systems (ESS) are key devices for improving power quality, electrical system stability and system efficiency by contributing to the balance of supply and demand. They can enhance the flexibility of electrical systems by mitigating supply intermittency, which has recently become problematic due to the increased penetration of renewable generation. The subject of this thesis is flywheel energy storage system (FESS), a technology that is gathering great interest due to benefits offered over alternative energy storage solutions, including high cycle life, long calendar life, high round‐trip efficiency, high power density, operation at high ambient temperatures and low negative environmental impact. This thesis describes the modelling and assessment of small scale energy system incorporating FESS with solar photovoltaic (PV) and a diesel generator for use in islanded residential premises with highly intermittent or non‐existent grid infrastructure. In this application, incorporation of FESS is shown to be beneficial in comparison to a system without storage or one with the alternative storage technology, Li‐Ion batteries. The thesis begins with a description of flywheel storage systems configured for electrical storage which comprises of a mechanical part; flywheel rotor, bearings and containment, and an electric drive part; motor‐generator and associated power electronics. Each of these components is described in the thesis along with the equations and modelling, itself carried out in the MATLAB/Simulink environment. Finally, the flywheel model is combined with a model of an islanded residential power system incorporating a solar PV system with a diesel generator. Such a system would be particularly useful for offgrid applications or those with weak grids as occurs in developing countries.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: Doctoral Theses
Doctoral Theses > School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering Doctoral Theses
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23353
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