City Research Online

The business – government nexus: Impact of government actions and legislation on business responses to climate change

Kumar, S., Banerjee, S. B. ORCID: 0000-0002-8699-6368, Dadich, A. & Duarte, F. (2020). The business – government nexus: Impact of government actions and legislation on business responses to climate change. Journal of Management and Organization, 26(6), pp. 952-974. doi: 10.1017/jmo.2020.21


Australia has committed to reducing emissions under the Paris Agreement by 2030, in alignment with the United Nations’ (UN) Sustainability Development goal (SDG) climate action. This article investigates the responses of Australian high-emission businesses to Australian government action and legislation in relation to climate change, specifically the carbon tax, and how this knowledge can assist in delineating future carbon legislation. A qualitative study of the responses of seventeen high emission businesses and three industry associations to carbon legislation during the implementation of the carbon tax in Australia identified the use of resistive, reactive or cooperative strategies by the businesses. Issues related to carbon legislation identified by businesses included differences in time orientation, multiple regulations, political uncertainty, international positioning and the need for long term and consolidated policies. Given these findings, this article argues that well designed top-down legislative measures are necessary to steer businesses towards a carbon neutral regime.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in a revised form in Journal of Management and Organization This version is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND. No commercial re-distribution or re-use allowed. Derivative works cannot be distributed. © copyright holder.
Publisher Keywords: Climate change, Government legislation, business strategy, carbon tax, wicked problems, Australia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Departments: Bayes Business School > Management
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of revd JMO article 9 Aug 2020.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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