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On the nonexclusivity of loan contracts: An empirical investigation

Degryse, H., Ioannidou, V. ORCID: 0000-0002-7996-2346 and Von Schedvin, E. (2016). On the nonexclusivity of loan contracts: An empirical investigation. Management Science, 62(12), doi: 10.1287/mnsc.2015.2277

Abstract

We study how a bank's willingness to lend to a previously exclusive firm changes once the firm obtains a loan from another bank ("outside loan") and breaks an exclusive relationship. Using a difference-indifference analysis and a setting where outside loans are observable, we document that an outside loan triggers a decrease in the initial bank's willingness to lend to the firm, i.e., outside loans are strategic substitutes. Consistent with concerns about coordination problems and higher indebtedness, we find that this reaction is more pronounced the larger the outside loan and it is muted if the initial bank's existing and future loans retain seniority and are protected with valuable collateral. Our results give a benevolent role to transparency enabling banks to mitigate adverse effects from outside loans. The resulting substitute behavior may also act as a stabilizing force in credit markets limiting positive comovements between lenders, decreasing the possibility of credit freezes and financial crises.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: co-ordination failures, credit freezes, credit rationing, credit supply, debt seniority, floating charge, negative externalities, non-exclusivity, transparency
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Departments: Business School > Finance
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 15:06
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25488
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