City Research Online

Gender diversity and bank misconduct

Arnaboldi, F., Casu, B. ORCID: 0000-0003-3586-328X, Gallo, A., Kalotychou, E. and Sarkisyan, A. (2021). Gender diversity and bank misconduct. Journal of Corporate Finance(101834), doi: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2020.101834

Abstract

This paper investigates whether gender-diverse bank boards can play a role in preventing costly misconduct episodes. We exploit the fines received by European banks from US regulators to reduce endogeneity issues related to supervisory and governance mechanisms. We show that greater female representation significantly reduces the frequency of misconduct fines, equivalent to savings of $7.48 million per year. Female directors are more influential when they reach a critical mass and are supported by women in leadership roles. The mechanism through which gender diversity affects board effectiveness in preventing misconduct stems from the ethicality and risk aversion of the female directors, rather than their contribution to diversity. The findings are robust to alternative model specifications, proxies for gender diversity, reverse causality, country and bank controls, and sub-sample analyses.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Misconduct; Gender diversity; Board of directors; Banks
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Departments: Business School > Finance
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 16:08
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25533
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 18 June 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login