City Research Online

Investigation into the flow rate of bottle teats typically used on an Australian neonatal unit

Crossley, S-L., Duthie, K., Newton, M. and Harding, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-5192-2027 (2021). Investigation into the flow rate of bottle teats typically used on an Australian neonatal unit. Speech, Language and Hearing, doi: 10.1080/2050571x.2021.1914960

Abstract

Aims and objectives
Premature and medically fragile infants in neonatal intensive care may be establishing oral feeding skills during their admission. Not all infants can achieve breastfeeding and bottle feeding is the recognised alternative. Choosing a bottle with a manageable flow rate can enable a positive feeding experience. The flow rate of teats used on an Australian NICU were tested to determine their actual flow rate and the variation of flow observed.

Design and methods
Flow rate of five different teats were tested by attaching each teat to a breast pump and measuring the output of milk after 1 minute. Range of flow rate and variability in flow rate values of the five teats used were compared.

Results and conclusions
The results identified differing flow rates as well as individual variation of flow rates for all teats used on an Australian NICU. The Sepal Green /small size nipple/slow flow was the fastest flow rate teat (mean 25.34 mL /minute). The Sepal White / ultra-slow flow teat had the slowest flow rate (mean 7.34 mL/minute). Measurement of variability in flow rate identified a moderate - high mean flow rate for the Sepal White ultra -slow flow teats (CoV = 0.2), with a low mean flow rate for Sepal Green slow flow / small nipple (CoV = 0.06). Data confirmed variability of flow rates both within and between teats used. Flow rate and variability are important factors to consider when selecting supportive feeding equipment for preterm infants.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Speech, Language and Hearing. Crossley, S-L., Duthie, K., Newton, M. and Harding, C. (2021). Investigation into the flow rate of bottle teats typically used on an Australian neonatal unit. Speech, Language and Hearing, doi: 10.1080/2050571x.2021.1914960. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Publisher Keywords: Milk flow rate; suck; swallow breathe (SSB) coordination; preterm infants; medically fragile infants; neonatal care; bottle feeding
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Language & Communication Science
Date available in CRO: 05 May 2021 08:57
Date deposited: 4 May 2021
Date of acceptance: 5 April 2021
Date of first online publication: 19 April 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26080
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 19 April 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login