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An overview of smart irrigation systems using IoT

Obaideen, K., Yousef, B. A. A., AlMallahi, M. N. , Tan, Y. C., Mahmoud, M., Jaber, H. & Ramadan, M. (2022). An overview of smart irrigation systems using IoT. Energy Nexus, 7, 100124. doi: 10.1016/


Countries are working into making agriculture more sustainable by integrating different technologies to enhance its operation. Implementing improvements in irrigation systems is crucial for the water-use efficiency and works as a contributor to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under the United Nations specifically Goal 6 and Target 6.4. This paper aims to highlight the contribution of SMART irrigation using Internet of Things (IoT) and sensory systems in relation to the SDGs. The study is based on a qualitative design along with focusing on secondary data collection method. Automated irrigation systems are essential for conservation of water, this improvement could have a vital role in minimizing water usage. Agriculture and farming techniques is also linked with IoT and automation, to make the whole processes much more effective and efficient. Sensory systems helped farmers better understand their crops and reduced the environmental impacts and conserve resources. Through these advanced systems effective soil and weather monitoring takes place along with efficient water management. Irrigation systems have been determined as positive contributor toward optimized irrigation systems that could enhance the use of continuous research and development which focus on enhancing the sustainable operations and cost reduction. Lastly, the challenges and benefits for the implementation of sensory based irrigation systems are discussed. This review will assist researchers and farmers to better understand irrigation techniques and provide an adequate approach would be sufficient to carry out irrigation related activities.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( )
Publisher Keywords: Irrigation, Sustainable development goals, IotSmart irrigation, Agriculture, Sensors, Water use efficiency, SDG 6
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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