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Does merger & acquisition (M&A) strategy matter? A contingency perspective

Angwin, D. N., Urs, U., Appadu, N. , Thanos, I. C., Vourloumis, S. & Kastanakis, M. N. (2022). Does merger & acquisition (M&A) strategy matter? A contingency perspective. European Management Journal, 40(6), pp. 847-856. doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2022.09.004


This paper takes a contingency approach to investigate whether there are market performance variations for different types of M&A. Eight different types of M&A are identified in a typology based upon the conjunction of three contextual dimensions: external environmental, acquiring firm level strategy and CEO motivation. Drawing upon a sample of 1,926 domestic UK deals we evaluate the typology to determine whether the financial markets distinguish between different types of M&A. Results indicate significant market and risk-adjusted performance differences by M&A type. These confirm that a contingency approach to M&A performance has merit. We suggest that the proposed integrated typology, that recognizes the importance of multiple aspects of strategic fit to M&A performance, addresses the paradox that M&A practitioners continue to pursue deals despite widespread acceptance that they result in high failure rates.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND license and permits non-commercial use of the work as published, without adaptation or alteration provided the work is fully attributed.
Publisher Keywords: M&As, M&A strategy, Contingency perspective, Acquiring firm level strategy, CEO motivation, Typology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Departments: Bayes Business School > Finance
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