Petroulakis, G. (2015). The approximate determinantal assignment problem. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

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Abstract
The Determinantal Assignment Problem (DAP) is one of the central problems of Algebraic Control Theory and refers to solving a system of nonlinear algebraic equations to place the critical frequencies of the system to specied locations. This problem is decomposed into a linear and a multilinear subproblem and the solvability of the problem is reduced to an intersection of a linear variety with the Grassmann variety. The linear subproblem can be solved with standard methods of linear algebra, whereas the intersection problem is a problem within the area of algebraic geometry. One of the methods to deal with this problem is to solve the linear problem and then and which element of this linear space is closer  in terms of a metric  to the Grassmann variety. If the distance is zero then a solution for the intersection problem is found, otherwise we get an approximate solution for the problem, which is referred to as the approximate DAP. In this thesis we examine the second case by introducing a number of new tools for the calculation of the minimum distance of a given parametrized multivector that describes the linear variety implied by the linear subproblem, from the Grassmann variety as well as the decomposable vector that realizes this least distance, using constrained optimization techniques and other alternative methods, such as the SVD properties of the so called Grassmann matrix, polar decompositions and mother tools. Furthermore, we give a number of new conditions for the appropriate nature of the approximate polynomials which are implied by the approximate solutions based on stability radius results. The approximate DAP problem is completely solved in the 2dimensional case by examining uniqueness and nonuniqueness (degeneracy) issues of the decompositions, expansions to constrained minimization over more general varieties than the original ones (Generalized Grassmann varieties), derivation of new inequalities that provide closedform nonalgorithmic results and new stability radii criteria that test if the polynomial implied by the approximate solution lies within the stability domain of the initial polynomial. All results are compared with the ones that already exist in the respective literature, as well as with the results obtained by Algebraic Geometry Toolboxes, e.g., Macaulay 2. For numerical implementations, we examine under which conditions certain manifold constrained algorithms, such as Newton's method for optimization on manifolds, could be adopted to DAP and we present a new algorithm which is ideal for DAP approximations. For higher dimensions, the approximate solution is obtained via a new algorithm that decomposes the parametric tensor which is derived by the system of linear equations we mentioned before.
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