Design of a 2D MRI compatible robot for performing prostate cancer treatment using therapeutic ultrasound

Yiallouras, Christos (2015). Design of a 2D MRI compatible robot for performing prostate cancer treatment using therapeutic ultrasound. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

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Abstract

Therapeutic ultrasound is a promising treatment method for many common cancers, including prostate cancer. Magnetic resonance image (MRI) guidance of therapeutic ultrasound permits targeting and monitoring of therapy. In this thesis a prototype MRI compatible positioning device for the treatment of prostate cancer using therapeutic ultrasound is presented. The accuracy, MRI compatibility and functionality of the positioning device was evaluated in in vitro experiments (using gel phantoms and in vitro). The MRI was used as the imaging guidance technique. The proposed device incorporates a portable electronic system and operates in two PC controlled stages, linear and angular (X - Θ) and one manual driven stage Z (height of the probe). The device is small and portable and can be placed on the patient’s table to any commercial MRI scanner. The proposed device was tested on two clinical MRI scanners of different manufacturers. Additionally, in this thesis a software that controls an MRI guided focus ultrasound system is presented. The software was written in C sharp and consists of the following options: a) connection with DAQ device, b) tab that controls 2D device, c) tab that controls 3D device, d) tab that controls ultrasound protocol and e) operation command history list, g) MRI compatible camera, h) open and control the DICOM images captured from the MRI scanner during the therapy, i) temperature reading of the HIFU focal point.

The proposed positioning device offers approximately 20μm accuracy on linear and angular stages. It incorporates MRI compatible optical encoders as mechanical motion feedback. The accuracy measurements were taken using a digital calibre. The positioning device has range of 111mm in linear stage, ±90o on angular stage and 50mm on Z stage. The design was based on measurements that were taken by a 100 patients. The MRI compatibility and motion accuracy images were taken by scanning gel phantoms using T2W FSE on 1.5T and 3T MRI scanner.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14485

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