Eye-tracking technology in vehicles: application and design

Selimis, Vasileios (2015). Eye-tracking technology in vehicles: application and design. (Unpublished Masters thesis, City University London)

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Abstract

This work analyses the eye-tracking technology and, as an outcome, it presents an idea of implementing it, along with other kinds of technology, in vehicles. The main advantage of such an implementation would be to augment safety while driving. The setup and the methodology used for detecting human activity and interaction using the means of the eye-tracking technology are investigated. Research in that area is growing rapidly and its results are used in a variety of cases. The main reasons for that growth are the constant lowering of prices of the special equipment that is necessary, the portability that is available in some cases as well as the easiness of use that make the usage of that technology more user-friendly than it was a few years ago.
The whole idea of eye-tracking is to track the movements of the eyes in an effort to determine the direction of the gaze, using sophisticated software and purpose built hardware. This manuscript, makes a brief introduction in the history of eye monitoring presenting the very early scientific approaches used in an effort to better understand the movements of the human while tracking an object or during an activity. Following, there is an overview of the theory and the methodology used to track a specific object. As a result there exists a short presentation of the image processing and the machine learning procedures that are used to accomplish such tasks. Thereafter, we further analyze the specific eye-tracking technologies and techniques that are used nowadays and the characteristics that affect the exact choice of eye-tracking equipment. For the appropriate choice we have to take into account the area of research-interest in which the equipment will be used. In addition, the main categories of eye-tracking applications are presented and we shortlist the latest state of the art eye-tracking commercial systems. Following, we present our first approach, trying to describe an eye-tracking device that could be used in vehicles offering much better safety standards, controlling various parameters, continuously checking the readiness of the driver and alerting him for potential imminent collision incidents. Finally, we describe the existing way of connecting a device, in our case an eye-tracker, can be connected to an automobile’s system.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14802

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