Derivation of flow related risk indices for stenosed left anterior descending coronary arteries with the use of computer simulations

Papadopoulos, Konstantinos, Gavaises, M., Pantos, I., Katritsis, D. G. & Mitroglou, N. (2016). Derivation of flow related risk indices for stenosed left anterior descending coronary arteries with the use of computer simulations. Medical Engineering & Physics, 38(9), pp. 929-939. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.05.016

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Abstract

The geometry of the coronary vessel network is believed to play a decisive role in the initiation, progression and outcome of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the occurrence of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). It also determines the flow field in the coronary artery which can be linked to CAD evolution.

In this work geometric 3D models of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries associated with either myocardial infarction (MI) or stable (STA) CAD were constructed. Transient numerical simulations of the flow for each model showed that specific flow patterns develop in different extent in the different groups examined. Recirculation zones, present distal the stenosis in all models, had larger extent and duration in MI cases. For mild stenosis (up to 50%) areas with low time averaged wall shear stress TAWSS (<0.15 Pa) as well as areas with high TAWSS (>3 Pa) appeared only in MI models; in moderate and severe stenosis (>50%) these areas were present in all models but were significantly larger for MI than STA models. These differentiations were expressed via numerical indices based on TAWSS, oscillating shear index (OSI) and relative residence time (RRT). Additionally we introduced the coagulation activation index (CAI), based on the threshold behaviour of coagulation initiation, which exceeded the suggested threshold only for MI models with intermediate stenosis (up to 50%). These results show that numerical simulations of flow can produce arithmetic indices linked with the risk of CAD complications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coronary artery disease; Coronary stenosis; Stenosis assessment; Flow simulation; CFD; Blood flow; CAD; Coronary artery disease complications; CAD complications
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15669

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