Staggered Three-dimensional Cavities as a Possible Method for Skin Friction Drag Reduction

Atkin, C.J. & Gowree, E.R. (2016). Staggered Three-dimensional Cavities as a Possible Method for Skin Friction Drag Reduction. In: Proceedings of the 30th International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. . Bonn, Austria: The International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. ISBN 978-3-932182-85-3

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Abstract

The effect of three-dimensional staggered circular cavities on a zero-pressure gradient incompressible turbulent boundary layer was studied. Two key parameters were varied, being the ratio of the diameter, d, to the depth, h, of the cavity, d/h, and the Reynolds number based on the diameter of the cavity, Rd. Velocity profile measurements showed that for the cases of d/h>1 an increase in skin friction drag was experienced with respect to a smooth surface, but for d/h ≤ 1 the drag increment was almost negligible and in some cases it was lower than that of a smooth surface by up to 10%. Measurements along the spanwise plane showed the presence of organised transverse velocity components which bear some resemblance with the flow over riblets. The skin friction drag appears to be a strong function of Rd, where for Rd > 5500 a drag increment is experienced which could potentially be due to shear layer breakdown and more production of turbulence.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors.
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/16582

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