Allocentric versus egocentric spatial memory in autism spectrum disorder

Ring, M., Gaigg, S. B., Altgassen, M., Barr, P. & Bowler, D. M. (2018). Allocentric versus egocentric spatial memory in autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, doi: 10.1007/s10803-018-3465-5

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Abstract

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular difficulties in performing viewpoint independent (allocentric) navigation, leaving viewpoint dependent navigation (egocentric) intact. Further analyses showed that navigation deficits were not related to poor visual short-term memory or mental rotation in the ASD group. The results further confirm the need of autistic individuals for support at retrieval and have important implications for the design of signposts and maps.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: spatial navigation, autism spectrum disorder, allocentric, egocentric, visual short-term memory, mental rotation, task support hypothesis
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/18794

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