A multi-sensor sub-Nyquist power spectrum blind sampling approach for low-power wireless sensors in operational modal analysis applications

Gkoktsi, K. & Giaralis, A. (2018). A multi-sensor sub-Nyquist power spectrum blind sampling approach for low-power wireless sensors in operational modal analysis applications. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing,

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A novel multi-sensor power spectrum blind sampling (PSBS) approach is proposed supporting low-power wireless sensor networks (WSN) for Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) applications. The developed approach relies on arrays of wireless sensors, employing deterministic non-uniform in time multi-coset sampling to acquire structural response acceleration signals at sub-Nyquist sampling rates, treated as realizations of stationary random processes without making any assumption about the average signal frequency content and spectral support. The acquired compressed measurements are transmitted to a central server and collectively processed via a PSBS technique, herein extended to the multi-sensor case, to estimate the power spectral density matrix of an underlying spatially correlated stationary response acceleration random process directly from the compressed measurements. Structural modal properties are then extracted through standard frequency domain decomposition (FDD). The efficacy of the proposed approach to resolve closely-spaced modes is numerically tested for various data compression levels using noisy response acceleration signals of a white-noise excited finite element model of a space truss as well as field-recorded acceleration time-histories of an instrumented bridge under operational loading. It is shown that accurate mode shapes based on the modal assurance criterion can be obtained from as low as 89% less measurements compared to conventional non-compressive FDD at Nyquist sampling rate. Further, significant gains in energy consumption and battery lifetime prolongation of the order of years are estimated, assuming wireless sensors operating on multi-coset sampling at different data compression levels. It is, therefore, concluded that the proposed PSBS approach could provide long-term structural health monitoring systems with low-maintenance cost once wireless sensors with multi-coset sampling capabilities become commercially available.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: power spectral estimation; multi-coset sampling; sub-Nyquist sampling; operational modal analysis; wireless sensors; modal properties.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19969

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