Trichotomous Processes in Early Memory Development, Aging, and Neurocognitive Impairment: A Unified Theory

Brainerd, C. J., Reyna, V. F. & Howe, M. L. (2009). Trichotomous Processes in Early Memory Development, Aging, and Neurocognitive Impairment: A Unified Theory. Psychological Review, 116(4), pp. 783-832. doi: 10.1037/a0016963

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
Download (573kB) | Preview

Abstract

One of the most extensively investigated topics in the adult memory literature, dual memory processes, has had virtually no impact on the study of early memory development. We remove the key obstacles to such research by formulating a trichotomous theory of recall that combines the traditional dual processes of recollection and familiarity with a reconstruction process. The theory is then embedded in a hidden Markov model that measures all three processes with low-burden tasks that are appropriate for even young children. These techniques are applied to a large corpus of developmental studies of recall, yielding stable findings about the emergence of dual memory processes between childhood and young adulthood and generating tests of many theoretical predictions. The techniques are extended to the study of healthy aging and to the memory sequelae of common forms of cognitive impairment, resulting in a theoretical framework that is unified over four major domains of memory research: early development, mainstream adult research, aging, and cognitive impairment. The techniques are also extended to recognition, creating a unified dual-process framework for recall and recognition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory development, dual memory processes, aging, cognitive impairment, hidden Markov models
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4214

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics