City Research Online

Intermediaries and the knowledge exchange process: the case of the creative industries and Higher Education

Virani, T.E. & Pratt, A.C. (2016). Intermediaries and the knowledge exchange process: the case of the creative industries and Higher Education. In: Communian, R. & Gilmore, A. (Eds.), Higher Education and the Creative Economy: Beyond the campus. Regions and Cities. (pp. 41-58). Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge.


Research that has been conducted on university-­‐industry collaborations predominantly examines knowledge exchange in the field of high technology where the output is a material product, or income stream. The material product is assumed to act as a proxy for knowledge exchange and/or knowledge transfer; the exchange is propagated by diffusion and achieved by fiat. This chapter indicates how, at least in the case of the creative industries, the normative model is stymied by organisational asymmetries and differing scales. Moreover, these approaches assume a lack of institutional embedding; on the contrary, our research suggests need for careful attention to these issues. The economic field of the cultural economy contrasts markedly with that of high-­‐technology in terms of the form of products/outputs as well as organisationally. Accordingly, we argue that an appreciation of collaboration and knowledge exchange benefits from a more subtle methodology that is sensitive to these differences of product and process. The chapter explores collaboration between higher education institutions (HEIs) and small, medium and micro-­‐sized enterprises (SMMEs) in the creative and cultural industries (CCI) within London; it draws upon research carried out as part of Creativeworks London's (CWL) Creative Voucher Scheme. The findings indicate that collaborations benefit significantly from active intermediaries who facilitate, as well as embed themselves within, these collaborations by doing three things: brokerage, translation and network builder. Critically, a proportion of this work is done informally and based on maintaining trust and reputation.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Higher Education and the Creative Economy: Beyond the campus on 21/03/2016, available online:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
L Education > L Education (General)
Departments: School of Communication & Creativity > Media, Culture & Creative Industries > Culture & the Creative Industries
[thumbnail of Book Chapter Virani and Pratt.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (161kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login