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The impacts of different heating systems on the environment: A review

Mahmoud, M., Ramadan, M., Naher, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-2047-5807 , Pullen, K. R. ORCID: 0000-0001-8501-9226 & Olabi, A-G. (2020). The impacts of different heating systems on the environment: A review. Science of The Total Environment, 766, article number 142625. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142625


This paper presents a review of the environmental impacts of most heating systems drawing together published literature on the subject, not previously available. Here, a comparison between the different systems such as coal, wood, oil, natural gas, heat pump, geothermal and solar energy is provided in terms of their environmental impact. The most important parameters considered are the emission rate and toxicity. This places the coal-fired system as the worst among all heating systems regarding the impacts on the environment. On the other hand, renewable energy sources are the most preferred sources decreasing total emissions and air pollution. In order to make a comparison between the different systems, the emissions that must be taken into consideration are CO, CO2, NOx, SO2, PMs, N2O, CH4, volatile organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and aldehydes.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: Environment, environmental impact, heating system, pollution, emission rate
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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