City Research Online

International student nurses' use of social media for learning: A cross sectional survey

Cathala, X. ORCID: 0000-0002-4632-3804, Ocho, O. N., Watts, P. N. and Moorley, C. (2021). International student nurses' use of social media for learning: A cross sectional survey. Nurse Education Today, 107, 105160. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2021.105160

Abstract

Background
Students use social media for sharing information and connecting with their friends, also for peer support, peer learning and student engagement. Research indicates that approximately twice the number of students were using social media for educational purposes compared to academic staff and almost all students discuss academic issues on social media. However, little is known about how diverse cohorts of student nurses use social media for specific purposes at different stages of their learning.

Objectives
Identify how student nurses in each country of study use social media for learning.
Identify how each generation of student nurses use social media for learning.
Identify how student nurses use social media as their education progresses.

Design
A cross-sectional survey.

Settings
The study was undertaken across three countries Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and the UK.

Participants
Student nurses from each of the countries that consented to participate met the inclusion criteria.

Methods
1050 student nurses across the three countries self-completed the cross-sectional survey between March and September 2019. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results
WhatsApp® was the most used platform for learning amongst participants. Watching videos and downloading articles represented two-thirds of social media usage for learning. Smart phones were the most used device to access social media. Kruskal-Wallis tests were significant (≤0.001) for checking social media and messaging in lecture, use of social media for studies and classroom activities by country, generation (except classroom activities) and year of education. Use of social media for classroom activities had no significance by generation.

Conclusion
Country, generation and year of education are factors that influence the use of social media in student nurses' learning. These should be considered by Universities in curriculum development and in teaching and learning delivery. From a pragmatic approach, social media is available and used by a majority of student nurses and can be widely assimilated into the nursing curriculum.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021. This article has been published in Nurse Education Today by Elsevier, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.105160. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Student nurses, Social media, Teaching and learning, Caribbean, Social media guidance
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Date available in CRO: 08 Dec 2021 11:22
Date deposited: 8 December 2021
Date of acceptance: 26 September 2021
Date of first online publication: 29 September 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/27239
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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This document is not freely accessible until 29 September 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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