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Working memory and developmental language impairments

Henry, L. and Botting, N. (2016). Working memory and developmental language impairments. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, doi: 10.1177/0265659016655378

Abstract

Children with developmental language impairments (DLI) are often reported to show difficulties with working memory. This review describes the four components of the well-established working memory model, and considers whether there is convincing evidence for difficulties with in each component in children with DLI. The emphasis is on the most demanding form of working memory that draws on central executive (CE) resources, requiring concurrent processing and storage of information. An evaluation of recent research evidence suggests that, not only are children with DLI impaired on verbal CE measures, but they also show difficulties on non-verbal CE tasks that cannot be assumed to tap language. Therefore, it seems increasingly likely that children with DLI show domain-general CE impairments, along with their more established impairments in verbal short-term memory. Implications for potential working memory interventions and classroom learning are discussed.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2016 by SAGE Publications.
Publisher Keywords: Working memory; developmental language impairment; central executive.
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14774
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